World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Twenty-fifth United States Congress

Article Id: WHEBN0005485036
Reproduction Date:

Title: Twenty-fifth United States Congress  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Felix Grundy, John Reynolds (U.S. politician), Benjamin Chew Howard, John Ruggles, John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne, Isaac E. Crary, James Murray Mason, John Palmer (1785–1840), Seargent Smith Prentiss, James Jackson (politician)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Twenty-fifth United States Congress

25th Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 25th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
25th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1839

Senate President: Richard M. Johnson
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1837 – March 10, 1837
1st: September 4, 1837 – October 16, 1837
2nd: December 4, 1837 – July 9, 1838
3rd: December 3, 1838 – March 3, 1839
<24th 26th>

The Twenty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1839, during the first two years of Martin Van Buren's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 25th United States Congress

States admitted and territories organized

Party summary

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1842.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 6
    • Democrats: no net change
    • Whigs: no net change
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 7


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Virginia
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Richard E. Parker (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 4, 1837 after accepting a seat on the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William H. Roane (D) | Elected March 14, 1837 |- | Alabama
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John McKinley (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 22, 1837 after being appointed Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Clement C. Clay (D) | Elected June 19, 1837 |- | Georgia
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John P. King (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 1, 1837 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Wilson Lumpkin (D) | Elected November 22, 1837 |- | Maryland
(1) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joseph Kent (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 24, 1837 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William D. Merrick (W) | Elected January 4, 1838 |- | Mississippi
(1) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John Black (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 22, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James F. Trotter (D) | Appointed January 22, 1838 |- | Tennessee
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Felix Grundy (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 4, 1838 after being appointed United States Attorney General | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Ephraim H. Foster (W) | Elected September 17, 1838 |- | Mississippi
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James F. Trotter (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 10, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Thomas H. Williams (D) | Appointed November 12, 1838 and subsequently elected |}

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 16
    • Democrats: 5-seat net loss
    • Whigs: 5-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 8
  • Resignations: 6
  • Contested election:1
  • Total seats with changes: 19


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | Mississippi At-large | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep-elect Claiborne presented credentials July 18, 1837 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John F. H. Claiborne (D) | Seated July 18, 1837 |- | Mississippi At-large | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep-elect Gholson presented credentials July 18, 1837 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Samuel J. Gholson (D) | Seated July 18, 1837 |- | Pennsylvania 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Francis J. Harper (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 18, 1837 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Charles Naylor (W) | Seated June 29, 1837 |- | Tennessee 4th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | James I. Standifer (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 20, 1837 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William Stone (W) | Seated September 14, 1837 |- | Ohio 17th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Elisha Whittlesey (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 20, 1837 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Charles D. Coffin (W) | Seated December 20, 1837 |- | Mississippi At-large | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John F. H. Claiborne (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Seat declared vacant February 5, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Seargent S. Prentiss (W) | Seated May 30, 1838 |- | Mississippi At-large | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Samuel J. Gholson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Seat declared vacant February 5, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Thomas J. Word (W) | Seated May 30, 1838 |- | Pennsylvania 9th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry A. P. Muhlenberg (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 9, 1838 after being appointed Minister to Austrian Empire | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George M. Keim (D) | Seated March 17, 1838 |- | Maine 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Jonathan Cilley (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Killed in a duel February 24, 1838 by Rep. William J. Graves | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Edward Robinson (W) | Seated April 28, 1838 |- | Maine 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Timothy J. Carter (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 14, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Virgil D. Parris (D) | Seated May 29, 1838 |- | Maryland 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Isaac McKim (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 1, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John P. Kennedy (W) | Seated April 25, 1838 |- | Virginia 13th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John M. Patton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 7, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Linn Banks (D) | Seated April 28, 1838 |- | Alabama 3rd | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joab Lawler (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 8, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | George W. Crabb (W) | Seated October 5, 1835 |- | Ohio 19th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Daniel Kilgore (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 4, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry Swearingen (D) | Seated December 3, 1838 |- | Ohio 16th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Elisha Whittlesey (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 9, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joshua R. Giddings (W) | Seated December 3, 1838 |- | New York 22nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Andrew D. Bruyn (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 27, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Cyrus Beers (D) | Seated December 3, 1838 |- | New York 29th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William Patterson (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 14, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Harvey Putnam (W) | Seated November 7, 1838 |- | Iowa Territory At-large | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | Iowa Territory seated its first delegate September 10, 1838 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George W. Jones (D) | Seated September 10, 1838

|- | Massachusetts 2nd | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Stephen C. Phillips (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Seat declared vacant September 28, 1838 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Leverett Saltonstall (W) | Seated December 15, 1838 |- | Maine 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Fairfield (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 24, 1838 after being elected Governor of Maine | Vacant | Not filled this congress |- | Wisconsin Territory At-large | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George W. Jones (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election January 14, 1839 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James D. Doty (D) | Seated January 14, 1839 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.