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Twenty-fourth United States Congress

 

Twenty-fourth United States Congress

24th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837

Senate President: Martin Van Buren
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837
<23rd 25th>

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 24th United States Congress

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Treaties

States admitted and territories formed

Party summary

Senate

During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan. Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan. Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Louisiana
(2) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Elected to fill vacancy of Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre, who resigned on account of ill-health | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert C. Nicholas (J) | January 13, 1836 |- | Connecticut
(1) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Nathan Smith (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 6, 1835 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John M. Niles (J) | Appointed December 21, 1835, subsequently elected. |- | Illinois
(3) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Elias Kane (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 12, 1835 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William Lee D. Ewing (J) | Appointed December 30, 1835 |- | Virginia
(1) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | John Tyler (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 29, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William C. Rives (J) | Elected March 4, 1836 |- | Maine
(1) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Ether Shepley (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 3, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Judah Dana (J) | Appointed December 7, 1836 |- | New Hampshire
(3) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Isaac Hill (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 30, 1836 to become Governor of New Hampshire | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Page (J) | Elected June 8, 1836 |- | Delaware
(1) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Arnold Naudain (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 16, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Richard H. Bayard (AJ) | Elected June 17, 1836 |- | Virginia
(2) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 4, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Richard E. Parker (J) | Elected December 12, 1836 |- | Arkansas
(2) | rowspan=2 | New seats | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Arkansas was admitted to the Union. | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William S. Fulton (J) | rowspan=2 | Elected September 18, 1836 |- | Arkansas
(3) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Ambrose H. Sevier (J) |- | Maryland
(3) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 5, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | John S. Spence (AJ) | Elected December 31, 1836 |- | North Carolina
(3) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Willie P. Mangum (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 26, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert Strange (J) | Elected December 5, 1836

|- | Delaware
(2) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | John M. Clayton (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 29, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Thomas Clayton (AJ) | Elected January 9, 1837 |- | Louisiana
(3) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Alexander Porter (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 5, 1837 due to ill health | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Alexandre Mouton (J) | Elected January 12, 1837 |- | Michigan
(1) | rowspan=2 | New seats | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Michigan was admitted to the Union. | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Lucius Lyon (J) | rowspan=2 | Elected January 26, 1837 |- | Michigan
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Norvell (J) |}

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 17
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 12
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | South Carolina 6th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) | Seated September 10, 1835 |- | Georgia At-large | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Jabez Y. Jackson (J) | Seated October 5, 1835 |- | New York 3rd | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep. Campbell P. White resigned in previous congress | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Gideon Lee (J) | Seated November 4, 1835

|- | Georgia At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William Schley (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1835 after being nominated for Governor of Georgia | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Jesse F. Cleveland (J) | Seated October 5, 1835 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | James C. Terrell (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 8, 1835 due to ill health | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Hopkins Holsey (J) | Seated October 5, 1835 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John W. A. Sanford (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 25, 1835 to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Thomas Glascock (J) | Seated October 5, 1835 |- | Connecticut At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Zalmon Wildman (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 10, 1835 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Thomas T. Whittlesey (J) | Seated April 29, 1836 |- | Pennsylvania 24th | style="background:#FFFF99" | John Banks (AM) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | John J. Pearson (AJ) | Seated December 5, 1836 |- | South Carolina 4th | style="background:#AFEEEE" | James H. Hammond (N) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 26, 1836 because of ill health | style="background:#AFEEEE" | Franklin H. Elmore (N) | Seated December 10, 1836 |- | New York 17th | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Samuel Beardsley (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 29, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Rutger B. Miller (J) | Seated November 9, 1836 |- | North Carolina 12th | style="background:#FFE6B0" | James Graham (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | James Graham (AJ | Seated December 5, 1836 |- | South Carolina 8th | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Richard I. Manning (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 1, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John P. Richardson (J) | Seated December 19, 1836 |- | nowrap | Arkansas Territory
At-large
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Ambrose H. Sevier (J) | colspan=3 style="font-size:80%" | Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836 |- | Connecticut At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Andrew T. Judson (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 4, 1836 after being appointed to seat on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Orrin Holt (J) | Seated December 5, 1836 |- | Mississippi At-large | style="background:#FFE6B0" | David Dickson (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 31, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Samuel J. Gholson (J) | Seated December 1, 1836 |- | nowrap | Arkansas
At-large
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Archibald Yell (J) | Seated August 1, 1836 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George W. Towns (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 1, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Julius C. Alford (AJ) | Seated January 2, 1837 |- | New York 30th | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Philo C. Fuller (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 2, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | John Young (AJ) | Seated November 9, 1836 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John E. Coffee (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 25, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | William C. Dawson (AJ) | Seated November 7, 1836 |- | Pennsylvania 13th | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Jesse Miller (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 30, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | James Black (J) | Seated December 5, 1836 |- | New Jersey At-large | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Philemon Dickerson (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 3, 1836 after being chosen Governor of New Jersey | style="background:#FFE6B0" | William Chetwood (AJ) | Seated December 5, 1836 |- | Indiana 6th | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George L. Kinnard (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 26, 1836 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | William Herod (AJ) | Seated January 25, 1837 |- | Virginia 2nd | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Y. Mason (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 11, 1837 | Vacant | Not filled this congress |- | nowrap | Michigan Territory
At-large
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George W. Jones (J) | colspan=3 style="font-size:80%" | Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837 |- | nowrap | Michigan
At-large
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Isaac E. Crary (J) | Seated January 26, 1837 |- | Wisconsin Territory
At-large
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George W. Jones (J) | Seated January 26, 1837 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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