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Twenty-second United States Congress

 

Twenty-second United States Congress

22nd Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
22nd United States Congress
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1831 – March 4, 1833

Senate President: John C. Calhoun (1831–1832)
Vacant (1832–1833)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Samuel Smith
Littleton Tazewell
Hugh L. White
House Speaker: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1831 – July 16, 1832
2nd: December 3, 1832 – March 2, 1833
<21st 23rd>

The Twenty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1831 to March 4, 1833, during the third and fourth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 22nd United States Congress
  • July 14, 1832: 583
  • March 2, 1833: 629
  • March 2, 1833: 632

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership


Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 7
    • Jacksonians: no net change
    • Anti-Jacksonians: no net change
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 7
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Indiana
(1) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | James Noble died in previous Congress | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Robert Hanna (AJ) | Installed August 19, 1831 |- | Kentucky
(3) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy in term | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Henry Clay (AJ) | Installed November 10, 1831 |- | Louisiana
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Edward Livingston (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 24, 1831 after being appointed U.S. Secretary of State | style="background:#FFE6B0" | George A. Waggaman (AJ) | Installed November 15, 1831

|- | Pennsylvania
(1) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Isaac D. Barnard (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 6, 1831 due to ill health | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George M. Dallas (J) | Installed December 13, 1831 |- | Indiana
(1) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Robert Hanna (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected January 3, 1832 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Tipton (J) | Installed January 3, 1832 |- | Mississippi
(1) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Powhatan Ellis (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 16, 1832 after being appointed U.S. District Judge | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Black (J) | Installed November 12, 1832 |- | Virginia
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Littleton Waller Tazewell (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 16, 1832 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William C. Rives (J) | Installed December 10, 1832 |- | South Carolina
(2) | style="background:#AFEEEE" | Robert Y. Hayne (N) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 13, 1832 to become Governor of South Carolina | style="background:#AFEEEE" | John C. Calhoun (N) | Installed December 29, 1832 |- | New York
(3) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William L. Marcy (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 1, 1833 after becoming Governor of New York | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Silas Wright (J) | Installed January 4, 1833 |- | South Carolina
(3) | style="background:#AFEEEE" | Stephen D. Miller (N) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 2, 1833 due to ill health | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 9
    • Jacksonians: 1-seat net gain
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net gain
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 2
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | North Carolina
2nd
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy in term | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Branch (J) | Seated May 12, 1831 |- | Georgia
At-large
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Wilson Lumpkin (J) | style="font-size:80%" |Resigned some time in 1831 before the convening of Congress | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Augustin S. Clayton (J) | Seated January 21, 1832 |- | Vermont
2nd
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | Rollin C. Mallary (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 15, 1831 | style="background:#FFFF99" | William Slade (AM) | Seated November 1, 1831

|- | Missouri
AL
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | Spencer D. Pettis (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 28, 1831 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | William H. Ashley (AJ) | Seated October 31, 1831 |- | Pennsylvania
11th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William Ramsey (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 29, 1831 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert McCoy (J) | Seated November 22, 1831 |- | North Carolina
6th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert Potter (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November ????, 1831 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Micajah T. Hawkins (J) | Seated December 15, 1831 |- | Vermont
1st
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | Jonathan Hunt (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 15, 1832 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Hiland Hall (AJ) | Seated January 1, 1833 |- | Virginia
22nd
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Charles C. Johnston (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 17, 1832 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Joseph Draper (J) | Seated December 6, 1832 |- | Maryland
6th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George E. Mitchell (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 28, 1832 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Charles S. Sewall (J) | Seated October 1, 1832

|- | Virginia
18th
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | Philip Doddridge (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 19, 1832 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Joseph Johnson (J) | Seated January 21, 1833 |- | New York
1st
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | James Lent (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 22, 1833 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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