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West Virginia's 1st congressional district

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Title: West Virginia's 1st congressional district  
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Subject: David McKinley, John W. Davis, Bob Mollohan, United States House of Representatives elections, 2010, United States congressional delegations from West Virginia
Collection: Congressional Districts of West Virginia
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West Virginia's 1st congressional district

West Virginia's 1st congressional district
West Virginia's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
West Virginia's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative David McKinley (RWheeling)
Population (2010) 615,991
Median income $30,303
Ethnicity 96.4% White, 1.8% Black, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+14[1]

West Virginia's 1st congressional district is located in the northern part of the state. It is the most regularly drawn of the state's three districts.

It includes the industrial West Virginia University. The largest city in the district is Parkersburg; the second largest is Morgantown. It also includes many rural farm and timber producing areas. The district has almost no population change reported in the 2010 Census change relative to the other 2 districts, as growth around Morgantown and Parkersburg offset population loss elsewhere, and the district was carried over unchanged for the next ten-year cycle.

The district is currently represented by David McKinley, a Republican who has represented the district since 2011.

West Virginia has tended to give its congressmen long tenures in Washington, and the 1st District is no exception. Only four men have represented the district since 1953: Bob Mollohan (D) (1953–1957), former Governor Arch Moore, Jr. (R) (1957–1969), Bob Mollohan again (1969–1983), Alan Mollohan (1983–2011) and McKinley.

Despite the lack of turnover in the congressional seat, the 1st is not considered safe for either party. The cities are Democratic strongholds, while the rural areas are much more conservative and have a tendency to swing Republican more often. State legislators are roughly equally split between both parties.

While the district and state as a whole has been very Democratic, West Virginia Democrats tend to be somewhat more socially conservative than their counterparts in the rest of the nation, and the district has been swept up in the growing Republican trend in the state at the national level. No Democrat since 2000 with 54% of the vote and 2004 with 58% of the vote. John McCain carried the district in 2008 with 56.77% of the vote while Barack Obama received 41.51%.


  • History 1
  • List of representatives 2
  • Historical district boundaries 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


The First District has always included Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, and Wetzel counties.[2] The original 1863 districting included also Tyler, Pleasants, Doddridge, Harrison, Ritchie, Wood, Wirt, Gilmer, Calhoun and Lewis counties.[2] In 1882, the counties of Tyler, Doddridge, Harrison, Gilmer, Lewis and Braxton were added to the core counties.[2] In 1902, the core counties were joined by Marion, Harrison, and Lewis counties.[2] In the 1916 redistricting it included only the five core counties and Marion and Taylor.[2] The district was unchanged in the 1934 and 1954 redistrictings.[2] In 1962, Braxton, Calhoun, Doddridge, Gilmer, Harrison, Lewis, Marion and Taylor joined the five core counties.[2] The 1972 redistricting added Tyler, Pleasants, and Woods and deleted Taylor.[2] The 1982 redistricting added Taylor back to the district.[2]

1992 began the district as currently constituted, consisting of Barbour, Brooke, Doddridge, Grant, Hancock, Harrison, Marion, Marshall, Mineral, Monongalia, Ohio, Pleasants, Preston, Ritchie, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Wetzel and Wood counties.[2] In 2002 Gilmer was added.[2] For the election cycle that begins in 2012 the district was unchanged.[2]

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created December 17, 1863
Jacob B. Blair Unconditional Unionist December 17, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Chester D. Hubbard Unconditional Unionist March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1867
Lost re-election
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 4, 1869
Isaac H. Duval Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1871
John J. Davis Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1875
Benjamin Wilson Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1883
Lost re-election
Nathan Goff, Jr. Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
John O. Pendleton Democratic March 4, 1889 –
February 26, 1890
Lost contested election
George W. Atkinson Republican February 26, 1890 –
March 4, 1891
Lost re-election
John O. Pendleton Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 4, 1895
Lost re-election
Blackburn B. Dovener Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1907
Lost re-election
William P. Hubbard Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 4, 1911
John W. Davis Democratic March 4, 1911 –
August 29, 1913
Resigned to become U.S. Solicitor General
Vacant August 29, 1913 –
October 14, 1913
Matthew M. Neely Democratic October 14, 1913 –
March 4, 1921
Lost re-election
Benjamin L. Rosenbloom Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1925
Lost re-election
Carl G. Bachmann Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1933
Lost re-election
Robert L. Ramsay Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
Lost re-election
A. C. Schiffler Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Lost re-election
Robert L. Ramsay Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Lost re-election
A. C. Schiffler Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lost re-election
Matthew M. Neely Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Lost re-election
Francis J. Love Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Lost re-election
Robert L. Ramsay Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Lost re-election
Bob Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
Lost re-election
Arch A. Moore, Jr. Republican January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1969
Resigned to become Governor of West Virginia
Bob Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1983
Alan Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
David McKinley Republican January 3, 2011 –
Elected in 2010

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also


  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l West Virginia Blue Book, pp. 534 (2012 edition)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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