World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

York County, Pennsylvania

York County, Pennsylvania
Seal of York County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting York County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded August 19, 1749
Seat York
Largest city York
 • Total 911 sq mi (2,359 km2)
 • Land 904 sq mi (2,341 km2)
 • Water 6.5 sq mi (17 km2), 0.7%
 • (2010) 434,972
 • Density 481/sq mi (186/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .org.york-countywww

York County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 434,972.[1] Its county seat is York.[2] The county was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster County and named either for the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and shire of York in England.

York County comprises the York-Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area. It is in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania.

Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since.[3] Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsville, on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C., was selected.[4]


  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent counties 1.1
  • Demographics 2
    • Dialect 2.1
  • Metropolitan Statistical Area 3
  • Politics and government 4
    • County commissioners 4.1
    • Other county offices 4.2
    • State House of Representatives 4.3
    • United States House of Representatives 4.4
  • Education 5
    • Public school districts 5.1
    • Vocational school 5.2
    • Public charter schools 5.3
    • Independent schools 5.4
    • Intermediate Unit 5.5
    • Colleges and universities 5.6
    • Adult education 5.7
  • Communities 6
    • City 6.1
    • Boroughs 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
    • Census-designated places 6.4
    • Unincorporated communities 6.5
  • Notable residents 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 911 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5] The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason–Dixon line, which separates Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Adjacent counties


A farm in York County, Pennsylvania

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% American, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 148,219 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

As of 2006, the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area was the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and was ranked among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.

York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasville, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanover, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Hanover Foods in Hanover, Gibble's Potato Chips in York, Wolfgang Candy in York, The Bon-Ton in York, Dentsply in York, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.


The Central Pennsylvania accent and the Susquehanna dialect are the two most commonly heard speech patterns in the county, however there are numerous Mennonites and other persons of Pennsylvania Dutch descent that inhabit the county, who tend to speak with dialects similar to Pennsylvania Dutch English.

There is an increasingly large Hispanic population in and around the city of York, many of whom speak Spanish as their first language.

Metropolitan Statistical Area

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated York County as the York-Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[12] The United States Census Bureau ranked the York-Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 9th most populous in the state of Pennsylvania, and 115th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States as of July 1, 2012.[13]

The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area,[12] the 43rd most populous combined statistical area and the 49th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[13][14] The CSA ranks 5th in the state of Pennsylvania.

Politics and government

As of November 2008, there are 299,414 registered voters in York County.[15]

County commissioners

  • M. Steve Chronister, Chairman, Republican
  • Christopher B. Reilly, Vice-chairman, Republican
  • Doug Hoke, Democrat

Other county offices

  • Clerk of Courts, Don O'Shell, Republican
  • Controller, Robb Green, Republican
  • Coroner, Barry Bloss, Republican
  • District Attorney, Thomas Kearney, Republican
  • Prothonotary, Pamela S. Lee, Republican
  • Recorder of Deeds, Randy Reisinger, Republican
  • Register of Wills, Bradley C. Jacobs, Republican
  • Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican
  • Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican

State House of Representatives

District Representative[16] Party
47 Keith J. Gillespie Republican
92 Mike Regan Republican
93 Kristin Phillips Hill Republican
94 Stanley E. Saylor Republican
95 Kevin J. Schreiber Democratic
169 Kate Klunk Republican
193 Will Tallman Republican
196 Seth Grove Republican

United States House of Representatives

District Representative Party
4 Scott Perry Republican


Map of York County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public school districts

Vocational school

Public charter schools

  • Helen Thackston Charter School (6–12) – York [17]
  • Crispus Attucks Youthbuild Charter School (K–6) – York
  • Lincoln Charter School (K–5) – York
  • New Hope Academy Charter School (K–6) – York
  • York Academy Regional Charter School
  • York Adams Academy (formerly York County High School)

Independent schools

Intermediate Unit

Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13-member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin the first day of July.[18] There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.

Colleges and universities

Adult education

  • Baltimore School of Massage
  • Consolidated School of Business in York
  • DCS School of Driving, LLC
  • Empire Beauty School
  • Five Star Driver Training School, LLC
  • George B Shue Driver Training School
  • Krupinski Driving School
  • Lurz Driver Education and Training Consultants Inc.
  • Motorcycle Technology Center
  • York Technical Institute/York
  • York Time Institute
  • Yorktowne Business Institute


Map of York County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are in York County:


  • York (county seat)



Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^ a b
  14. ^
  15. ^ Running for Office. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Operating Charter Schools 2009-10, Pennsylvania Department of Education Report September 2009
  18. ^

Further reading

  • Gibson, John, ed. A Biographical History of York County, Pennsylvania (Genealogical Publishing Com, 1886)
  • Marcello, Ronald E. Small Town America in World War II: War Stories from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania (University of North Texas Press, 2014) 452 pp.
  • Prowell, George Reeser. History of York County, Pennsylvania. Vol. 1. (JH Beers, 1907) online

External links

  • York County official website
  • Official Travel and Tourism site
  • York County Heritage Trust
  • York County history from the York Daily Record/Sunday News
  • York County USGenWeb Project: good resource for History and Genealogy in York County
  • York Town Square history blog

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.