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Comparing Past Accumulation Rate Reconstructions in East Antarctic Ice Cores Using 10Be, Water Isotopes and Cmip5-pmip3 Models : Volume 11, Issue 3 (05/03/2015)

By Cauquoin, A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003992214
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 13
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Comparing Past Accumulation Rate Reconstructions in East Antarctic Ice Cores Using 10Be, Water Isotopes and Cmip5-pmip3 Models : Volume 11, Issue 3 (05/03/2015)  
Author: Cauquoin, A.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Climate, Past
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: copernicus

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Raisbeck, G. M., Jouzel, J., Landais, A., Bard, E., Bazin, L., Team, A.,...Werner, M. (2015). Comparing Past Accumulation Rate Reconstructions in East Antarctic Ice Cores Using 10Be, Water Isotopes and Cmip5-pmip3 Models : Volume 11, Issue 3 (05/03/2015). Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ), CEA Saclay Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France. Ice cores are exceptional archives which allow us to reconstruct a wealth of climatic parameters as well as past atmospheric composition over the last 800 kyr in Antarctica. Inferring the variations in past accumulation rate in polar regions is essential both for documenting past climate and for ice core chronology. On the East Antarctic Plateau, the accumulation rate is so small that annual layers cannot be identified and accumulation rate is mainly deduced from the water isotopic composition assuming constant temporal relationships between temperature, water isotopic composition and accumulation rate. Such an assumption leads to large uncertainties on the reconstructed past accumulation rate. Here, we use high-resolution beryllium-10 (10Be) as an alternative tool for inferring past accumulation rate for the EPICA Dome C ice core, in East Antarctica. We present a high-resolution 10Be record covering a full climatic cycle over the period 269 to 355 ka from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 9 to 10, including a period warmer than pre-industrial (MIS 9.3 optimum). After correcting 10Be for the estimated effect of the palaeomagnetic field, we deduce that the 10Be reconstruction is in reasonably good agreement with EDC3 values for the full cycle except for the period warmer than present. For the latter, the accumulation is up to 13% larger (4.46 cm ie yr−1 instead of 3.95). This result is in agreement with the studies suggesting an underestimation of the deuterium-based accumulation for the optimum of the Holocene (Parrenin et al. 2007a). Using the relationship between accumulation rate and surface temperature from the saturation vapour relationship, the 10Be-based accumulation rate reconstruction suggests that the temperature increase between the MIS 9.3 optimum and present day may be 2.4 K warmer than estimated by the water isotopes reconstruction. We compare these reconstructions to the available model results from CMIP5-PMIP3 for a glacial and an interglacial state, i.e. for the Last Glacial Maximum and pre-industrial climates. While 3 out of 7 models show relatively good agreement with the reconstructions of the accumulation–temperature relationships based on 10Be and water isotopes, the other models either underestimate or overestimate it, resulting in a range of model results much larger than the range of the reconstructions. Indeed, the models can encounter some difficulties in simulating precipitation changes linked with temperature or water isotope content on the East Antarctic Plateau during glacial–interglacial transition and need to be improved in the future.

Summary
Comparing past accumulation rate reconstructions in East Antarctic ice cores using 10Be, water isotopes and CMIP5-PMIP3 models

Excerpt
Petit, J. R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., Barkov, N. I., Barnola, J.-M., Basile, I., Bender, M., Chappellaz, J., Davis, M., Delaygue, G., Delmotte, M., Kotlyakov, V. M., Legrand, M., Lipenkov, V. Y., Lorius, C., Pépin, L., Ritz, C., Saltzman, E., and Stievenard, M.: Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica, Nature, 399, 429–436, doi:10.1038/20859, 1999.; Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Fruneau, M., and Loiseaux, J. M.: Beryllium-10 mass spectrometry with a cyclotron, Science, 202, 215–217, doi:10.1126/science.202.4364.215, 1978.; Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Fruneau, M., Loiseaux, J. M., Lieuvin, M., and Ravel, J. C.: Cosmogenic 10Be/7Be as a probe of atmospheric transport processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 1015–1018, doi:10.1029/GL008i009p01015, 1981a.; Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Fruneau, M., Loiseaux, J. M., Lieuvin, M., Ravel, J. C., and Lorius, C.: Cosmogenic 10Be concentrations in Antarctic ice during the past 30,000 years, Nature, 292, 825, doi:10.1038/292825a0, 1981b.; Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Bourlès, D., Lorius, C., and Jouzel, J.: Evidence for two intervals of enhanced 10Be deposition in Antarctic ice during the last glacial period, Nature, 326, 273–277, doi:10.1038/326273a0, 1987.; Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Jouzel, J., and Stocker, T. F.: Direct north-south synchronization of abrupt climate change record in ice cores using Beryllium 10, Clim. Past, 3, 541–547, doi:10.5194/cp-3-541-2007, 2007.; Raynaud, D., Lipenkov, V., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Duval, P., Loutre, M.-F., and Lhomme, N.: The local insolation signature of air content in Antarctic ice. A new step toward an absolute dating of ice records, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 261, 337–349, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.025, 2007.; Risi, C., Bony, S., Vimeux, F., and Jouzel, J.: Water-stable isotopes in the LMDZ4 general circulation model: model evaluation for present-day and past climates and applications to climatic interpretations of tropical isotopic records, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D12118, doi:10.1029/2009JD013255, 2010.; Ritz, C.: Un modèle thermo-mécanique d'évolution pour le bassin glaciaire Antarctique Vostok-Glacier Byrd: Sensibilité aux valeurs des paramètres mal connus, Ph.D. thesis, Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble I, 1992.; Roeckner, E., Brokopf, R., Esch, M., Giorgetta, M., Hagemann, S., Kornblueh, L., Manzini, E., Schlese, U., and Schulzweida, U.: Sensitivity of simulated climate to horizontal and vertical resolution in the ECHAM5 atmosphere model, J. Climate, 19, 3771, doi:10.1175/JCLI3824.1, 2006.; Salamatin, A. N., Lipenkov, V. Y., Barkov, N. I., Jouzel, J., Petit, J. R., and Raynaud, D.: Ice core age dating and paleothermometer calibration based on isotope and temperature profiles from deep boreholes at Vostok Station (East Antarctica), J. Geophys. Res., 103, 8963–8977, doi:10.1029/97JD02253, 1998.; Schäfer-Neth, C. and Paul, A.: Gridded Global LGM SST and Salinity Reconstruction, IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder. Data Contribution Series #2003-046., NOAA/NGDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA, available at: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/contributions_by_author/paul2003

 

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