The cannons and anthologies of American art have not always included the works and lives of African-American writers, philosophers, painters, and actors. Their works are often described as subgenre: African-American literature, African-American art, African-American film. During the Great Migration (which was succeeded by the Second Great Migration) in the early 20th century, waves of Black folk journeyed northward to the New York City neighborhood of Harlem where the Harlem Renaissance was born.